Your Kidneys perform one of the most important roles in your body. They remove all the waste products and excess water from your blood, turning them into urine for you pass safely. We also include Liver function tests with this order to check correct functioning of the liver.
This test includes (expand individual tests for details):
Urea is waste product produced as the body digests protein and is carried by the blood to the kidneys, which filter the urea out of the blood and into the urine. The urea test examines how well the kidneys are functioning.
Creatinine is a chemical waste molecule that is generated from muscle metabolism. Creatinine levels in the blood can provide your doctor with information about how well your kidneys are working.
The estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) assesses how well the kidneys are working by estimating the amount of blood filtered through the kidneys.
Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) is an enzyme found mainly in the liver and bones. Raised levels can indicate bone or liver disease.
ALT (Alanine Aminotransferase) (SGPT)
Alanine transferase (ALT) is an enzyme which is produced by the liver and can indicate liver damage caused by alcohol, drugs or viruses (hepatitis).
Creatine Kinase (CK, CPK)
This test measures the amount of Creatine Kinase (CK) in your blood. CK is a muscle enzyme. It is mostly found in your skeletal muscles and heart. A CK test is most often used to diagnose and monitor muscular injuries and diseases.
Gamma GT is a liver enzyme. This test measures the amount of Gamma GT in your blood. It can be used to determine if your liver is damaged or if you have a liver disease, particularly if it is related to alcohol use.
Bilirubin is a product of haemoglobin breakdown. It is removed from the body via the liver, stored and concentrated in the gall bladder and excreted into the bowel. It is used to help find the cause of health conditions like jaundice, anemia, and liver disease.
Protein Total (Blood)
The total protein test measures the total amount of two classes of proteins found in the fluid portion of your blood. These are albumin and globulin. The test can help diagnose a number of health conditions, including: kidney disease, liver disease, and malnutrition.
This test measures the amount of albumin in your blood. Albumin is a protein made by your liver. Albumin helps keep fluid in your bloodstream so it does not leak into other tissues. Low albumin levels can indicate a problem with your liver or kidneys. High levels of albumin may indicate dehydration or severe diarrhea.
This test measures the amount of Globulin in your blood. Globulin is a protein made by your liver. Globulins play an important role in liver function, blood clotting, and fighting infection. Low globulin levels can be a sign of liver or kidney disease. High levels may indicate infection, inflammatory disease or immune disorders.
Urate (Uric acid)
This test measures the level of Uric acid in your blood. Uric acid is formed when your body breaks down purines which are found in food. It is also produced when cells die. Uric acid leaves your body when you go to the toilet. High levels of uric acid can be a sign of disease such as gout.
Iron (TIBC included)
This test measures how much iron is in your blood. It will identify iron deficiency or iron overload. Symptoms for both include: fatigue, muscle weakness, moodiness and difficulty concentrating.
Total iron binding capacity (TIBC)
Total iron binding capacity (TIBC) is a measure of the amount of iron that can be carried through the blood.
This test will measure your Transferrin levels. Transferrin binds to iron and transports it throughout your body. Low levels indicate iron deficient. High levels indicate iron overload
Triglycerides circulate in the blood. We get them from our diet and a supply is made by our liver. The body converts excess calories into triglycerides which are then transported to cells to be stored as fat. Your body releases triglycerides to be used for energy.
Cholesterol is a body fat (lipid). It is required by our bodies for building cell membranes and for producing a number of essential hormones. Cholesterol comes from he food we eat and is also created by the liver. Elevated cholesterol can greatly increase the chances of heart disease
HDL cholesterol is commonly known as good cholesterol. It removes cholesterol from the bloodstream and transports it to the liver. It is then broken down and removed from the body in bile.
LDL cholesterol is commonly known as bad cholesterol. It carries cholesterol and other fats to various tissues throughout your body. Too much LDL cholesterol can cause fatty deposits to accumulate on artery walls.
Non-HDL cholesterol is calculated by subtracting your HDL cholesterol result from your total cholesterol.
Total/HDL Chol ratio
The ratio of total cholesterol to HDL is a good indicator of whether your cholesterol levels are healthy. This ratio should be as low as possible.