Immunology

Immunology is a branch of biomedical science that covers the study of all aspects of the immune system in all organisms. It deals with the physiological functioning of the immune system in states of both health and diseases; malfunctions of the immune system in immunological disorders (autoimmune diseases, hypersensitivities, immune deficiency, transplant rejection); the physical, chemical and physiological characteristics of the components of the immune system in vitro, in situ and in vivo.
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Acetylcholine Receptor Autoantibodies

Acetylcholine Receptor Autoantibodies

£63.00
Ex Tax: £63.00
Acetylcholine receptor antibodies are found in the blood of most people with myasthenia gravis. An abnormal result confirms the diagnosis of myasthenia gravis in people who have symptoms. Nearly half of people with myasthenia gravis limited to their eye muscles (ocular myasthenia gravis) have this antibody in their blood. However, the lac...
ANCA (Anti-Neutrophil Cytoplasmic Abs)

ANCA (Anti-Neutrophil Cytoplasmic Abs)

£69.00
Ex Tax: £69.00
Antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA) are a group of autoantibodies produced when a person's immune system mistakenly targets and attacks its own white blood cells. Two of the most commonly targeted proteins are myeloperoxidase (MPO) and proteinase 3 (PR3). This results in the production of antibodies to MPO and/or PR3. The ANCA bl...
Anti CCP Antibodies (RF)

Anti CCP Antibodies (RF)

£43.00
Ex Tax: £43.00
The cyclic citrullinated peptide antibody (CCP) test is a relatively new assay that detects the presence of anti-citrulline antibodies in the blood which are a marker for Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA). The anti-CCP antibodies in RA may contribute to inflammatory process in RA. .....
Antinuclear Antibodies (titre & pattern)

Antinuclear Antibodies (titre & pattern)

£37.00
Ex Tax: £37.00
The presence of ANA is associated with several autoimmune diseases but is most commonly seen in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The ANA test identifies the presence of antinuclear antibodies (ANA) in blood. These antibodies are produced by the body's immune system. Sometimes the immune system malfunctions and produces substances that ...
Cardiolipin Antibodies (IgG+IgM)

Cardiolipin Antibodies (IgG+IgM)

£35.00
Ex Tax: £35.00
Antiphospholipid antibodies are frequently seen with autoimmune disorders such as Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE). They may also be seen with HIV, some cancers, in the elderly and temporarily with infections and with some drug treatments (such as phenothiazines and procainamide). Antiphospholipid antibody tests are used to detect s...
DNA (Double Stranded) Antibodies

DNA (Double Stranded) Antibodies

£50.00
Ex Tax: £50.00
While it may be present at a low level with a number of disorders, anti-dsDNA is primarily associated with the autoimmune disorder systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE or Lupus). SLE can affect the kidneys, joints, blood vessels, skin, heart, lungs, and the brain. Symptoms may include joint pain, rashes, fatigue, and kidney dysfunction. SLE ...
Endomysial Antibodies (IgA)

Endomysial Antibodies (IgA)

£53.00
Ex Tax: £53.00
Endomysial Antibodies (IgA) helps in the diagnosis of coeliac disease, and also can help to rule out this diagnosis. These tests detect antibodies that the body creates as part of an immune response to gluten, found in wheat, rye, and barley. These antibodies are involved in inflammation in the gut and damage to the lining of the gut wall...
Extractable Nuclear Antibodies (nRNP, Sm, Ro ,La, Jo1, Scl70)

Extractable Nuclear Antibodies (nRNP, Sm, Ro ,La, Jo1, Scl70)

£55.00
Ex Tax: £55.00
Extractable Nuclear Antigens consist of over 100 different cytoplasmic and nuclear antigens. Autoantibodies to these antigens are associated with particular connective tissue disorders. The six main antigens used in laboratories for detection are Ro, La, Sm, RNP, Scl-70 and Jo1. The pattern of reactivity can help diagnose different autoim...
Gastric Parietal Autoantibodies

Gastric Parietal Autoantibodies

£53.00
Ex Tax: £53.00
Antibodies to gastric parietal cells are associated with auitoimmune gastritis and pernicious anaemia. The parietal cells of the stomach secrete intrinsic factor, which is necessary for the absorption of vitamin B12, essential for red cell production. Destruction of parietal cells leads to inability to absorb the vitamin B12 and hence to ...